OUTLOOK EYE SPECIALISTS

Common Eye Conditions

Cataract

A cataract is what we call the lens in the eye when it goes cloudy. The lens is about the size and shape of a Smartie and sits behind the iris, the coloured part of the eye. The lens helps focus light on the retina, which is the film in the camera in the back of the eye that lets you see.

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Age-related Macular Degeneration

Age-related Macular Degeneration (ARMD) is the leading cause of legal blindness in patients over the age of 50, with about 1 in 7 Australians in this age group displaying some signs of the disease. The macula is the very small area at the centre of the retina, which is the film in the camera in the back of the eye that lets you see.

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Glaucoma

Glaucoma describesa group of diseases which causedamageto the optic nerve, eventually leading to blindness if left untreated. It is the most common cause of preventable blindness in Australia. The optic nerve transmitsall visual information from the eye to the brain for further processing. Damage to the optic nerve leads to insidious and progressive blindness.

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Diabetes And The Eye

Diabetes is a major worldwide health concern affecting almost 10% of the adult population and continuing to rise. People with diabetes often have disease in the eye called diabetic retinopathy (DR).Diabetic retinopathy is the most frequent complication of diabetes and occurs due to prolonged periods of elevated blood sugar levels.

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Pterygium

This is a growth of blood vessels and scar tissue at the junction of the coloured and white part of the eye. It is prevalent in countries with hot, dry and sunny climates like Australia and is thought to be the result of ultraviolet (UV) light damage.

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Epiretinal Membrane

An ‘epiretinal membrane’ is a fine sheet of scar tissue on the surface of the retina, not unlike sticky tape. The retina is the light-sensitive part of the eye like the photographic film in a camera. It is very delicate nerve tissue, about one-third of a millimetre thick,

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Macular Hole

A ‘full thickness macular hole’ is, as the name suggests, a hole that forms in the centre of the macula. The macula is the central part of the retina -the light-sensitive part of the eye like the photographic film in a camera. The macula serves your fine central vision,

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Dry Eye

Dry eye is an extremely common condition characterised by the lack of adequate lubrication of the eyes. Tears play an integral role in lubricating and nourishingthe outer surface and clear window of the eyeknown as the cornea. Tears are composed of water, fatty oils and mucus that keep the eye surface smooth and clear, wash away foreign matter, and prevent infection.

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